Oct 30

Oct 30, 2014: Rain Expected This Weekend

Forecast Highlights:

f60Following a cold front on Wednesday which produced light rain in parts of the area, temperatures have started to slowly trend cooler, with today’s highs peaking in the mid 50s to low 60s. Temperatures will continue to slowly cool down through Friday, with a broad area of low pressure developing off the coast on Saturday, producing area of light to moderate rain but with the majority of the precipitation remaining offshore. Cold and windy conditions will make a brief return on Sunday before a warming trend commences next week.

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Oct 29

October 29, 2014 – Anomalous Late October Events

This post is a general overview of recent anomalous late October events and a brief update on the upcoming storm. For the latest technical analysis of the upcoming weekend storm and its potential impact in the region, please refer to yesterday’s post. Images in this post are from the PSU e-Wall NARR.

Anomalous Late October Events – A Brief Review of Recent Events

ECSTVS2Late October is typically highlighted by Halloween on the last day of the month. It also represents the impending onset of winter, as hours of daylight continue to decrease with each day and clocks turn back an hour on November 2nd, marking the ending of daylight saving time. During the last few years, this time of the year has also featured several highly anomalous weather events over the United States, ranging from hurricanes and anomalously deep low pressures to snow and cold. Tonight’s post briefly reviews some of the recent late October events and their impact on the United States and the New York City area.


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Oct 28

Oct 28, 2014: Cold Weekend Ahead; Rain, Snow Possible

Forecast Highlights:

f108A warm front passed through the region early on Wednesday, having brought a brief taste of early fall as temperatures surged into the 70s away from the coast. The warmth was only short lasting, however, as a cold front will move through on Wednesday with a few showers. A gradual cool down will continue through Friday and Saturday, when a strong cold air mass will enter the region, accompanied by a developing coastal low off the coast which may produce light snow for parts of the region, potentially including the area.

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Oct 26

Oct 26, 2014: Warm Start, Cold Ending To Week

Forecast Highlights:

gfs_namer_156_850_temp_mslp_precipThe coastal low pressure which affected the area over the last week has finally moved out, but with another cold front having passed through last night resulting in a breezy northwesterly wind today as high temperatures peak in the upper 50s to low 60s. A brief warm up is expected early this week with highs in the 70s possible before a gradual cool down begins on Wednesday, peaking next weekend as a strong upper level trough may bring significantly colder temperatures and the possibility of snow in parts of the region.

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Oct 23

Oct 23, 2014: Storm Departs, Warmth Returns

Forecast Highlights:

nerad25The coastal low which has affected the region with clouds, rain and wind throughout the week will slowly depart on Friday, allowing for clearing skies with temperatures slowly warming back into the low 60s, but with a breezy northwesterly wind persisting through Sunday as another cold front passes through the area on Saturday night. A significant warm up is expected early next week with temperatures rising into the 70s for parts of the area before a cold front produces scattered showers next Wednesday (image credit: PSU e-Wall).

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Oct 22

Oct 22, 2014 Brief Update

Forecast Update:

Tonight’s forecast discussion is an update from yesterday’s discussion. The next full analysis will be posted on Thursday evening.


From left to right, the latest available surface analysis and radar composite from the NWS Weather Prediction Center (WPC), and the initialized GFS 500 hPa heights and vorticity from NCEP Model Analyses & Guidance; both are valid at 1800 UTC Wednesday (2:00 PM Wednesday EDT).

nerad25Since yesterday’s update, the upper level trough has cut off with a closed upper level low, while the surface low pressure redeveloped offshore and deepened to near 1003 hPa southeast of New Jersey. As the low developed last night, heavy thunderstorms persisted over northeast NJ, coastal NYC and western Long Island, where rain totals locally exceeded 1 inch with flash flooding and localized hail yesterday evening. A more organized band of heavy rain developed this morning over eastern New Jersey, shifting offshore throughout most of the day before reorganizing and retrograding west throughout the evening and early overnight hours as the surface low deepened along with increased upper level forcing over the area. The latest regional radar imagery from the Pennsylvania State University e-Wall, posted to the left, depicts the moderate rain bands covering the majority of the area; the latest radar estimates depict storm total rainfall since yesterday morning around 1/2 to 1 inch for most location, locally up to 2 inches over the same locations which observed heavy thunderstorms yesterday evening.

Occasional rain bands will continue to rotate through the area tonight with another 1/4 to 1/2 inch of rain expected, locally higher, before gradually decreasing in intensity and coverage area on Thursday as the low pressure occludes and the stronger forcing and low level jet shift northeast towards New England and Maine. Isolated showers will continue through Thursday afternoon and Friday with otherwise mainly cloudy skies and temperatures slowly rising into the low to mid 50s on Thursday and the upper 50s to low 60s on Friday. The windy conditions will continue, however, with the wind shifting to the northwest and continuing through Saturday, when a mostly dry frontal passage will usher in a brief cool down on Sunday followed by a quick warming trend next week. Tomorrow’s forecast discussion will analyze the longer range in more detail.

Oct 21

Oct 21, 2014: Cloudy, Rainy Through Friday

Forecast Highlights:

gfs_namer_042_850_temp_mslp_precipA developing coastal low off the coast will deepen before stalling off the coast of Long Island by Thursday, providing the area with a stretch of cloudy skies, breezy northerly winds and occasional showers through Friday with rain totals generally amounting to 3/4 to 1.5 inch. Cloud cover will begin to decrease by Saturday, but with a secondary frontal passage on Saturday night briefly reinforcing the cloud cover and wind before a brief warm up early next week.

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Oct 20

Oct 20, 2014 Brief Update

Forecast Update:

Tonight’s forecast discussion is an update from yesterday’s discussion. The next full analysis will be posted on Tuesday evening.


From left to right, the latest available surface analysis and radar composite from the NWS Weather Prediction Center (WPC), and the initialized GFS 500 hPa heights and vorticity from NCEP Model Analyses & Guidance; both are valid at 1800 UTC Monday (2:00 PM Monday EDT).

Since yesterday’s update, the shortwave trough over the Midwest has progressed into Indiana, continuing to amplify due to strong ridging to its west. Analyzing the last 4-8 model runs, the most noticeable change in the model guidance has been to correct for a stronger, sharper and farther south shortwave trough than previously forecast, which results in stronger forcing tonight into Wednesday and would lead to a more widespread coverage area of scattered showers over Pennsylvania and New York state than initially expected. The outlook remains unchanged for the area through Wednesday evening, with scattered showers late tonight and into Wednesday amounting to less than 1/4 inch.

There has been relatively little change in the forecast positioning of the low as it becomes cut off on Wednesday and Thursday, with a period of light to moderate rain expected to affect the area on Tuesday night into Wednesday. The main change since yesterday’s update has been to include more rain over the area on Thursday as rain bands over New England wrap around to the west of the low, but with otherwise no significant changes in the forecast to note. The latest outlook is slightly wetter than yesterday’s forecast, with rain totals between 1/2 and 1 inch in northern NJ, and 1 to 2 inches over NYC, Long Island, southern CT and southeast NY. A more detailed analysis will be posted with Tuesday’s update.

Oct 19

Oct 19, 2014: Frost Tonight, Coastal Low This Week


Blog Notice: An update to the 8-Day Outlook is scheduled soon, with a separate forecast for every county in the forecast area, including one for each NYC borough. This update is on track to be completed during November.

Forecast Highlights:

f78_2A much colder air mass is currently positioned over the region, with temperatures having only peaked in the low to mid 50s this afternoon across most of the area. Areas of frost are possible tonight as temperatures fall into the 30s outside of NYC, but with increasing cloud cover and wind as a coastal low pressure stalls off the coast, with occasional showers expected between Thursday and Friday generally amounting to 1/2 to 1 inch.

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Oct 16

Oct 16, 2014: Cooler Pattern Upcoming

Forecast Highlights:

gfs_namer_150_850_temp_mslp_precip_2Following last night’s frontal passage, a gradual cooling trend is expected through the weekend, bringing a return to near to below average temperatures. A secondary cold front will pass through on Saturday, ushering in much colder temperatures for Sunday and Monday, followed by a potential coastal low pressure mid-late next week which may provide an extended period of clouds, wind and rain.

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